15.12.2019 06:54
Nik_75
 
Здравствуйте. Подскажите может кто сталкивался с такой проблемой. Мне нужно создать новый раздел, имеется диск размером 8 тб. вот что делаю:
[root@CO ~]# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/ram0: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram1: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram2: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram3: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram4: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram5: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram6: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram7: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram8: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram9: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram10: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram11: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram12: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram13: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram14: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram15: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/sdb: 799.6 GB, 799602114560 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 97212 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x000bfb52

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdb1 1 97213 780860416 83 Linux

Disk /dev/sda: 239.5 GB, 239511535616 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 29118 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x0008ca6b

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 1 1275 10240000 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 1275 14024 102400000 83 Linux
/dev/sda3 14024 15068 8388608 82 Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sda4 15068 29119 112868352 5 Extended
/dev/sda5 15068 29119 112867328 83 Linux

Disk /dev/sdc: 799.6 GB, 799602114560 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 97212 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x000a6195

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdc1 1 97213 780860416 83 Linux

Disk /dev/sdd: 799.6 GB, 799602114560 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 97212 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x000d9354

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdd1 1 97213 780860416 83 Linux

Disk /dev/sdf: 8001.0 GB, 8001020755968 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 972735 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/sde: 3840.2 GB, 3840204079104 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 466878 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/sdg: 119.5 GB, 119487332352 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 14526 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x0007316d

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdg1 1 14527 116685824 83 Linux

Disk /dev/sdh: 1600.3 GB, 1600321314816 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 194561 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x000f27d9

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdh1 1 194495 1562278912 83 Linux
[root@CO ~]#gdisk /dev/sdf
GPT fdisk (gdisk) version 0.8.10

Partition table scan:
MBR: not present
BSD: not present
APM: not present
GPT: not present

Creating new GPT entries.

Command (? for help): p
Disk /dev/sdf: 15626993664 sectors, 7.3 TiB
Logical sector size: 512 bytes
Disk identifier (GUID): 520BB286-F9A0-4205-9AA2-3190105236D8
Partition table holds up to 128 entries
First usable sector is 34, last usable sector is 15626993630
Partitions will be aligned on 2048-sector boundaries
Total free space is 15626993597 sectors (7.3 TiB)

Number Start (sector) End (sector) Size Code Name

Command (? for help): n
Partition number (1-128, default 1): 1
First sector (34-15626993630, default = 2048) or {+-}size{KMGTP}:
Last sector (2048-15626993630, default = 15626993630) or {+-}size{KMGTP}:
Current type is 'Linux filesystem'
Hex code or GUID (L to show codes, Enter = 8300):
Changed type of partition to 'Linux filesystem'

Command (? for help): w

Final checks complete. About to write GPT data. THIS WILL OVERWRITE EXISTING
PARTITIONS!!

Do you want to proceed? (Y/N): y
OK; writing new GUID partition table (GPT) to /dev/sdf.
The operation has completed successfully.
[root@CO ~]# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/ram0: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram1: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram2: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram3: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram4: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram5: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram6: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram7: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram8: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram9: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram10: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram11: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram12: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram13: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram14: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/ram15: 16 MB, 16777216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/sdb: 799.6 GB, 799602114560 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 97212 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x000bfb52

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdb1 1 97213 780860416 83 Linux

Disk /dev/sda: 239.5 GB, 239511535616 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 29118 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x0008ca6b

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 1 1275 10240000 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 1275 14024 102400000 83 Linux
/dev/sda3 14024 15068 8388608 82 Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sda4 15068 29119 112868352 5 Extended
/dev/sda5 15068 29119 112867328 83 Linux

Disk /dev/sdc: 799.6 GB, 799602114560 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 97212 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x000a6195

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdc1 1 97213 780860416 83 Linux

Disk /dev/sdd: 799.6 GB, 799602114560 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 97212 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x000d9354

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdd1 1 97213 780860416 83 Linux

WARNING: GPT (GUID Partition Table) detected on '/dev/sdf'! The util fdisk doesn't support GPT. Use GNU Parted.


Disk /dev/sdf: 8001.0 GB, 8001020755968 bytes
256 heads, 63 sectors/track, 968935 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16128 * 512 = 8257536 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdf1 1 266306 2147483647+ ee GPT
Partition 1 does not start on physical sector boundary.

Disk /dev/sde: 3840.2 GB, 3840204079104 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 466878 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/sdg: 119.5 GB, 119487332352 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 14526 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x0007316d

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdg1 1 14527 116685824 83 Linux

Disk /dev/sdh: 1600.3 GB, 1600321314816 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 194561 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x000f27d9

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdh1 1 194495 1562278912 83 Linux
[root@CO ~]#

Как мне избавиться от этого Partition 1 does not start on physical sector boundary.
Пробовал создавать разными утилитами, итог тот же. Что я делаю неправильно?
15.12.2019 06:55
Nik_75
 
Система Oracle Linux Server 6.10
15.12.2019 09:22
OlegON
 
1. не надо делать -l на все диски, указывай устройство, устал листать ненужное
2. используй fdisk -u всегда, он старый
3. для разметки используй gdisk, после чего вручную проверь выравнивание в соответствии с физическими параметрами диска
15.12.2019 11:24
OlegON
 
Судя по всему, fdisk старый и не умеет работать с GPT, о чем он честно и пишет. Мало того, он показывает неправильное начало раздела. Переделал диски так и проверил выравнивание
Код:
parted /dev/sdf mklabel gpt
parted /dev/sdf unit s p free
parted -a optimal /dev/sdf mkpart primary 0% 100%
parted /dev/sdf align-check
Цитата:
alignment type(min/opt) [optimal]/minimal?
Partition number? 1
1 aligned

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